The transmission of values to school-age and young adult offspring: Race and gender differences in parenting

Maria E. Pagano*, Barton J Hirsch, Nancy L. Deutsch, Dan P McAdams

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The current study explores parental socialization practices and the values transmitted to school-aged and young adult offspring, focusing on race and gender issues involved in parental teachings. A community sample of 187 black and hite mothers and fathers ere intervieed with regards to their parenting practices using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Higher levels of social concern and other-oriented themes in teachings ere found among black parents, in contrast to a higher prevalence of individualistic themes among hite parents. Interactions with child gender and age revealed that parents ere more likely to mention individualistic skills and less likely to mention concern for others to older rather than younger daughters, with a reverse pattern found for sons. Parents remain active teachers in the lives of their children beyond the first and second decades of life, instilling skills and values shaped by ethnicity and gender. Comparison of socialization practices beteen racial groups reveals a notable capacity of black parents to promote personal development as ell as societal ell-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-36
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Feminist Family Therapy
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Aug 11 2003


  • Adulthood
  • Intergenerational support
  • Parent-child relationship
  • Values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Applied Psychology


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