The Truth is out There (and also in Here): Tahqīq as an Investigative Modality in Mughal Culture and Scholarship

Rajeev Kinra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article offers a brief examination of various uses and senses of the term tahqīq (ascertaining the truth; investigation; verification) in Mughal intellectual circles in the sixteenth-eighteenth centuries. Often contrasted with another term, taqlīd (copying; imitation), tahqīq could signify different kinds of epistemological commitments – and therefore different kinds of truth-claims – depending on the context in which it was being deployed. Here we examine the ways in which the notion of tahqīq figured prominently in Mughal debates about religious toleration, in Mughal scholarly culture, and even in Mughal notions of kingship, justice, and statecraft. Along the way, we will also use Mughal ideas about tahqīq as an opportunity to intervene in larger debates about the nature of global early modernity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-367
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Early Modern History
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Early Modern
  • Enlightenment
  • Mughal
  • reason
  • research
  • tahqīq
  • tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History

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