A new transient variation of the "Feher-style" electron-nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) method is examined. In this technique, the passage-mode electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal is monitored following the application of a pulsed radio frequency (RF). Continuous-wave and transient proton ENDOR experiments have been conducted on the nonheme iron center from the protein nitrile hydratase. These experiments show that the transient ENDOR signal response exhibits a complex response with multiple phases in the time evolution of the ENDOR signal. Both increases and decreases in the passage-mode EPR signals are observed at different times following the RF pulse that induces an ENDOR transition. A simple model based on a packet-shifting ENDOR mechanism for a nonadiabatic passage EPR signal is proposed. This model describes many of the features seen in the transient ENDOR experiments and provides new insight into the traditional Feher-style ENDOR measurements. This new model shows that a packet-shifting mechanism can account for many of the "negative ENDOR" effects commonly seen in Feher-style ENDOR, which suggests that more exotic ENDOR mechanisms may not be required to explain these observations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics