The Valuation of Executive Stock Options in an Intensity-Based Framework

P. Carr, V. Linetsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a general intensity-based framework to value executive stock options (ESOs). It builds upon the recent advances in the credit risk modeling arena. The early exercise or forfeiture due to voluntary or involuntary employment termination and the early exercise due to the executive’s desire for liquidity or diversification are modeled as an exogenous point process with random intensity dependent on the stock price. Two analytically tractable specifications are given where the ESO value, expected time of exercise or forfeiture, and the expected stock price at the time of exercise or forfeiture are calculated in closed-form. JEL classification: G13, G39, M41.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-230
JournalEuropean Finance Review
StatePublished - 2000


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