The X-ray Microcalorimeter Spectrometer onboard of IXO

J. W. Den Herder, R. L. Kelley, K. Mitsuda, L. Piro, S. R. Bandler, P. Bastia, K. R. Boyce, M. Bruin, J. A. Chervenak, L. Colasanti, W. B. Doriese, M. DiPirro, M. E. Eckart, Y. Ezoe, E. Figueroa-Feliciano, L. Ferrari, R. Fujimoto, F. Gatti, K. C. Gendreau, L. GottardiR. Den Hartog, G. C. Hilton, H. Hoevers, K. D. Irwin, Y. Ishisaki, A. Kashani, C. A. Kilbourne, P. De Korte, J. Van Der Kuur, C. MacCuli, T. Mineo, J. H. Nieland, T. Ohashi, S. Paltani, E. Perinati, F. S. Porter, P. J. Shirron, S. J. Smith, Y. Takei, M. Tashiro, G. Torrioli, M. Tsujimoto, H. Van Weers, N. Y. Yamasaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Scopus citations


One of the instruments on the International X-ray Observatory (IXO), under study with NASA, ESA and JAXA, is the X-ray Microcalorimeter Spectrometer (XMS). This instrument, which will provide high spectral resolution images, is based on X-ray micro-calorimeters with Transition Edge Sensor (TES) with absorbers that consist of metal and semimetal layers and a multiplexed SQUID readout. The requirements for this instrument are demanding. In the central array (40 x 40 pixels) an energy resolution of < 2.5 eV is required, whereas the energy resolution of the outer array is more relaxed (∼ 10 eV) but the detection elements have to be a factor 16 larger in order to keep the number of read-out channels acceptable for a cryogenic instrument. Due to the large collection area of the IXO optics, the XMS instrument must be capable of processing high counting rates, while maintaining the spectral resolution and a low deadtime. In addition, an anti-coincidence detector is required to suppress the particle-induced background. In this paper we will summarize the instrument status and performance. We will describe the results of design studies for the focal plane assembly and the cooling systems. Also the system and its required spacecraft resources will be given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2010
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
StatePublished - Oct 19 2010
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2010: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jun 28 2010Jul 2 2010

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2010: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • International X-ray Observatory
  • Micro-calorimeter
  • Missions
  • X-ray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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