Therapeutic Application of Helium-Oxygen and Mechanical Ventilation in a Child with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia and Airway Obstruction

Michael T. Bigham, Jeffrey E. Nowak, Derek S. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children with mediastinal masses can have a variety of disparate clinical presentations, including chest pain, superior vena cava syndrome, Horner syndrome, pericardial effusion, and cardiac tampo- nade. Nonetheless, respiratory symptoms are present in 80% of children at presentation and are the most common presenting symptom. Management of respiratory failure due to mediastinal masses is challenging because intubation-with the accompanying sedation and paralysis-is likely to worsen the respiratory failure. For this reason, any new treatments for this condition are welcome. We report the case of an intubated 2-year-old girl with respiratory failure from a mediastinal mass who was successfully weaned from mechanical ventilatory support through the use of a 70%:30% helium-oxygen admixture (heliox). We then review mediastinal masses and the biophysical rationale for use of heliox in airway narrowing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-472
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric emergency care
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Airway compression
  • Heliox
  • Helium-oxygen
  • Mediastinal mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Therapeutic Application of Helium-Oxygen and Mechanical Ventilation in a Child with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia and Airway Obstruction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this