Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is one of the most common disorders encountered by the gynecologist. Several drugs have been demonstrated to decrease menstrual bleeding in patients with menorrhagia. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will decrease bleeding by 30% to 50%. Oral contraceptives may be useful to stop acute bleeding and will decrease menstrual flow by approximately 50%. Tranexamic acid, a plasminogen inhibitor approved for the treatment of hemophilia, will also decrease flow by approximately 50%. Danazol and GnRH analogues both have been used for the treatment of menorrhagia. However, side effects make them unsuitable for long-term use. There are currently two medicated intrauterine devices (IUDs) available in the United States. These IUDs reduce menstrual blood loss by 65% to 85%. Several minimally invasive surgical procedures, including endometrial resection and ablation, may treat menorrhagia in select patients. More recently, various office-based ablation instruments have been developed. These machines conform to the endometrial cavity and may obviate the need for hysteroscopy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Current women's health reports|
|State||Published - Dec 2001|
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