Diabetic nephropathy is rapidly becoming the major cause of end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular mortality worldwide. Standard of care therapies include strict glycemic control and blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis. While these treatments slow progression of diabetic nephropathy, they do not arrest or reverse it. Newer therapies targeting multiple molecular pathways involved in renal inflammation, fibrosis, and oxidative stress have shown promise in animal models. Subsequently, many of these agents have been investigated in clinical human trials with mixed results. In this review, we will discuss recent findings of novel agents used in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.
- Diabetic nephropathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism