Allergic rhinitis is a risk factor for the development of asthma, and, conversely, asthma often is present in patients with rhinitis (17-25% in children and 20-50% in adults). Up to 80% of patients with asthma have allergic, nonallergic, or mixed rhinitis. Gastroesophageal reflux can be identified in 25-50% of patients with asthma and may be asymptomatic. Topical nasal corticosteroids typically reduce rhinitis symptoms more effectively than oral or topically administered histamine 1 antagonists but are similar in terms of ocular symptom reduction. The leukotriene D4 antagonist montelukast, as well as loratadine (29%), has been found to reduce nasal symptoms (27%) but the combination (33%) provided little additional benefit. Subcutaneous injections with a monoclonal anti-immunoglobulin E antibody for ragweed or birch allergic rhinitis have produced few anaphylactic reactions but when reactions occur, they appear 90-120 minutes after the injection. In the patients who received 300 mg of omalizumab every 3 or 4 weeks for ragweed allergic rhinitis, there were 23% fewer mean nasal symptoms than in placebo-treated subjects. In that study, antihistamines but not nasal corticosteroids were used during the study period. Overall, 70.7% of patients reported treatment as good or excellent compared with 40.8% in placebo-treated patients. The impact of omalizumab or other anti-immunoglobulin E therapies on rhinitis and asthma is being investigated. In patients experiencing acute, purulent, rhinosinusitis, treatment with a nasal corticosteroid helps relieve symptoms sooner than antibiotic and decongestant therapy alone. Treatment of rhinitis or rhinosinusitis and gastroesophageal reflux should be part of the management of patients with asthma.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Allergy and Asthma Proceedings|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy