Thermal-induced leakage power optimization by redundant resource allocation

Min Ni*, Seda Ogrenci Memik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

18 Scopus citations


Traditionally, at early design stages, leakage power is associated with the number of transistors in a design. Hence, intuitively an implementation with minimum resource usage would be best for low leakage. Such an allocation would generally be followed by switching optimal resource binding to achieve a low power design. This treatment of leakage power is unaware of operating conditions such as temperature. In this paper, we propose a technique to reduce the total leakage power of a design by identifying the optimal number of resources during allocation and binding. We demonstrate that, contrary to the general tendency to minimize the number of resources, the best solution can actually be achieved if a certain degree of redundancy is allowed. This is due to the fact that leakage is strongly dependent on the on-chip temperature profile. Distributing activity over a higher number of resources can reduce power density, remove potential hotspots and subsequently minimize thermal induced leakage. On the other hand, using an arbitrarily high number of resources will not yield the best solution. In this paper, we show that there is a power density, hence, temperature, at which the total leakage power will reach its optimal value. Such an optimal resource number can be a better starting point for the subsequent switching-driven low power binding. We also present a high-level power density-aware leakage model. Based on the estimates by this model, we optimize the total leakage power by 53.8% on average compared to the minimum resource binding, and 35.7% on average compared to a temperature-aware resource binding technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD
Number of pages6
StatePublished - 2006
Event2006 International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Nov 5 2006Nov 9 2006

Publication series

NameIEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD
ISSN (Print)1092-3152


Other2006 International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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