Cyclopropenyl cation has been reversibly reduced electrochemically to the unsubstituted 3-cyclopropenyl radical, and with two electrons to the unsubstituted 3-cyclopropenyl anion. Reversible thermodynamic reduction potentials for both processes have been determined using second harmonic ac voltammetry. The same technique has been used to determine thermodynamic potentials for the one- and two-electron reduction of triphenylmethyl, cycloheptatrienyl, triphenylcyclopropenyl, trimethylcyclopropenyl, tri-tm-butylcyclopropenyl, and dipropylphenylcyclopropenyl cations. Adsorption effects were detected for two of these cations at a Pt, but not at an Au, electrode. The data were used in thermodynamic sequences to evaluate the basicity of various cyclopropenyl anions; a set of pKa's ranges from +50 to +74. Another thermodynamic sequence was used to evaluate the C-O bond dissociation energy of various cyclopropenols. Two unusual effects emerge: cyclopropenyl radicals are destabilized by alkyl groups, and they also appear to be destabilized relative to unconjugated radicals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry