Thermodynamic modeling of the palladium-lead-tin system

G. Ghosh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


A set of self-consistent, thermodynamic model parameters is presented to describe the phase equilibria of Palladium-Lead (Pd-Pb) and Palladium-Tin (Pd-Sn) systems. A sublattice model is used for thermodynamic modeling of the intermediate phases. The experimental data agree very well with the values calculated using the optimized model parameters. Several isothermal and vertical sections of the ternary system, relevant to microelectronic soldering applications, are calculated. Several experiments are proposed, the data from which will be extremely helpful in refining the thermodynamic model parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-18
Number of pages14
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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