Thermoelectric enhancement in PbTe with K or Na codoping from tuning the interaction of the light- and heavy-hole valence bands

John Androulakis*, Iliya Todorov, Duck Young Chung, Sedat Ballikaya, Guoyu Wang, Ctirad Uher, Mercouri Kanatzidis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of K and K-Na substitution for Pb atoms in the rocksalt lattice of PbTe was investigated to test a hypothesis for development of resonant states in the valence band that may enhance the thermoelectric power. We combined high-temperature Hall-effect, electrical conductivity, and thermal conductivity measurements to show that K-Na codoping do not form resonance states but can control the energy difference of the maxima of the two primary valence subbands in PbTe. This leads to an enhanced interband interaction with rising temperature and a significant rise in the thermoelectric figure of merit of p -type PbTe. The experimental data can be explained by a combination of a single- and two-band models for the valence band of PbTe depending on hole density that varies in the range of 1-15× 1019 cm-3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115209
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume82
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 16 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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