Although the binary sulfides Bi 2 S 3 , PbS, and SnS have attracted extensive interest as thermoelectric materials, no quaternary sulfides containing Sn/Pb/Bi/S elements have been reported. Herein, we report the synthesis of a new quaternary sulfide, SnPb 2 Bi 2 S 6 , which crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnma with unit cell parameters of a = 20.5458(12) Å, b = 4.0925(4) Å, c = 13.3219(10) Å. SnPb 2 Bi 2 S 6 has a lillianite-type crystal structure consisting of two alternately aligned NaCl-type structural motifs separated by a mirror plane of PbS 7 monocapped trigonal prisms. In the lillianite homologous series, SnPb 2 Bi 2 S 6 can be classified as 4,4 L, where the superscripted numbers indicate the maximum numbers of edge-sharing octahedra in the two adjacent NaCl-shaped slabs along the diagonal direction. The obtained SnPb 2 Bi 2 S 6 phase exhibited good thermal stability up to 1000 K and n-type degenerate semiconducting behavior, with a power factor of 3.7 μW cm -1 K -2 at 773 K. Notably, this compound exhibited a very low lattice thermal conductivity of 0.69-0.92 W m -1 K -1 at 300-1000 K. Theoretical calculations revealed that the low thermal conductivity is caused by the complex crystal structure and the related elastic properties of a low Debye temperature, low phonon velocity, and large Grüneisen parameters. A reasonable figure of merit (ZT) of ∼0.3 was obtained at 770 K.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry