Thermoelectric Properties of Novel Semimetals: A Case Study of YbMnSb2

Yu Pan*, Feng Ren Fan, Xiaochen Hong, Bin He, Congcong Le, Walter Schnelle, Yangkun He, Kazuki Imasato, Horst Borrmann, Christian Hess, Bernd Büchner, Yan Sun, Chenguang Fu, G. Jeffrey Snyder, Claudia Felser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The emerging class of topological materials provides a platform to engineer exotic electronic structures for a variety of applications. As complex band structures and Fermi surfaces can directly benefit thermoelectric performance it is important to identify the role of featured topological bands in thermoelectrics particularly when there are coexisting classic regular bands. In this work, the contribution of Dirac bands to thermoelectric performance and their ability to concurrently achieve large thermopower and low resistivity in novel semimetals is investigated. By examining the YbMnSb2 nodal line semimetal as an example, the Dirac bands appear to provide a low resistivity along the direction in which they are highly dispersive. Moreover, because of the regular-band-provided density of states, a large Seebeck coefficient over 160 µV K−1 at 300 K is achieved in both directions, which is very high for a semimetal with high carrier concentration. The combined highly dispersive Dirac and regular bands lead to ten times increase in power factor, reaching a value of 2.1 mW m−1 K−2 at 300 K. The present work highlights the potential of such novel semimetals for unusual electronic transport properties and guides strategies towards high thermoelectric performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAdvanced Materials
StateAccepted/In press - 2020


  • 2D Fermi surfaces
  • anisotropy
  • Dirac bands
  • Zintl compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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