Here we introduce angle-resolved piezoresponse force microscopy (AR-PFM), whereby the sample is rotated by 30° increments around the surface normal vector and the in-plane PFM phase signals are collected at each angle. We obtained the AR-PFM images of BaTiO3 single crystal and cube-on-cube epitaxial (001) BiFeO3 (BFO) thin film on SrRuO3/ SrTiO3 substrate, and confirmed that the AR-PFM provides more unambiguous information on the in-plane polarization directions than the conventional PFM method. Moreover, we found eight additional in-plane polarization variants in epitaxial BFO thin films, which are formed to mitigate highly unstable charged domain boundaries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)