Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots

Zheng Yan, Mengdi Han, Yan Shi, Adina Badea, Yiyuan Yang, Ashish Kulkarni, Erik Hanson, Mikhail E. Kandel, Xiewen Wen, Fan Zhang, Yiyue Luo, Qing Lin, Hang Zhang, Xiaogang Guo, Yuming Huang, Kewang Nan, Shuai Jia, Aaron W. Oraham, Molly B. Mevis, Jaeman Lim & 19 others Xuelin Guo, Mingye Gao, Woomi Ryu, Ki Jun Yu, Bruno G. Nicolau, Aaron Petronico, Stanislav S. Rubakhin, Jun Lou, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Katsuyo Thornton, Gabriel Popescu, Daining Fang, Jonathan V. Sweedler, Paul V. Braun, Haixia Zhang, Ralph G. Nuzzo, Yonggang Huang, Yihui Zhang, John A Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent work demonstrates that processes of stress release in prestrained elastomeric substrates can guide the assembly of sophisticated 3D micro/nanostructures in advanced materials. Reported application examples include soft electronic components, tunable electromagnetic and optical devices, vibrational metrology platforms, and other unusual technologies, each enabled by uniquely engineered 3D architectures. A significant disadvantage of these systems is that the elastomeric substrates, while essential to the assembly process, can impose significant engineering constraints in terms of operating temperatures and levels of dimensional stability; they also prevent the realization of 3D structures in freestanding forms. Here, we introduce concepts in interfacial photopolymerization, nonlinear mechanics, and physical transfer that bypass these limitations. The results enable 3D mesostructures in fully or partially freestanding forms, with additional capabilities in integration onto nearly any class of substrate, from planar, hard inorganic materials to textured, soft biological tissues, all via mechanisms quantitatively described by theoretical modeling. Illustrations of these ideas include their use in 3D structures as frameworks for templated growth of organized lamellae from AgCl–KCl eutectics and of atomic layers of WSe2 from vapor-phase precursors, as open-architecture electronic scaffolds for formation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neural networks, and as catalyst supports for propulsive systems in 3D microswimmers with geometrically controlled dynamics. Taken together, these methodologies establish a set of enabling options in 3D micro/nanomanufacturing that lie outside of the scope of existing alternatives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E9455-E9464
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume114
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 2017

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Optical Devices
Temperature
Nanostructures
Electromagnetic Phenomena
Spinal Ganglia
Growth
Mechanics
Technology
elastomeric

Keywords

  • Electronic cellular scaffolds
  • Eutectics
  • Three-dimensional microstructures
  • Three-dimensional printing
  • Two-dimensional materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Yan, Zheng ; Han, Mengdi ; Shi, Yan ; Badea, Adina ; Yang, Yiyuan ; Kulkarni, Ashish ; Hanson, Erik ; Kandel, Mikhail E. ; Wen, Xiewen ; Zhang, Fan ; Luo, Yiyue ; Lin, Qing ; Zhang, Hang ; Guo, Xiaogang ; Huang, Yuming ; Nan, Kewang ; Jia, Shuai ; Oraham, Aaron W. ; Mevis, Molly B. ; Lim, Jaeman ; Guo, Xuelin ; Gao, Mingye ; Ryu, Woomi ; Yu, Ki Jun ; Nicolau, Bruno G. ; Petronico, Aaron ; Rubakhin, Stanislav S. ; Lou, Jun ; Ajayan, Pulickel M. ; Thornton, Katsuyo ; Popescu, Gabriel ; Fang, Daining ; Sweedler, Jonathan V. ; Braun, Paul V. ; Zhang, Haixia ; Nuzzo, Ralph G. ; Huang, Yonggang ; Zhang, Yihui ; Rogers, John A. / Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2017 ; Vol. 114, No. 45. pp. E9455-E9464.
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abstract = "Recent work demonstrates that processes of stress release in prestrained elastomeric substrates can guide the assembly of sophisticated 3D micro/nanostructures in advanced materials. Reported application examples include soft electronic components, tunable electromagnetic and optical devices, vibrational metrology platforms, and other unusual technologies, each enabled by uniquely engineered 3D architectures. A significant disadvantage of these systems is that the elastomeric substrates, while essential to the assembly process, can impose significant engineering constraints in terms of operating temperatures and levels of dimensional stability; they also prevent the realization of 3D structures in freestanding forms. Here, we introduce concepts in interfacial photopolymerization, nonlinear mechanics, and physical transfer that bypass these limitations. The results enable 3D mesostructures in fully or partially freestanding forms, with additional capabilities in integration onto nearly any class of substrate, from planar, hard inorganic materials to textured, soft biological tissues, all via mechanisms quantitatively described by theoretical modeling. Illustrations of these ideas include their use in 3D structures as frameworks for templated growth of organized lamellae from AgCl–KCl eutectics and of atomic layers of WSe2 from vapor-phase precursors, as open-architecture electronic scaffolds for formation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neural networks, and as catalyst supports for propulsive systems in 3D microswimmers with geometrically controlled dynamics. Taken together, these methodologies establish a set of enabling options in 3D micro/nanomanufacturing that lie outside of the scope of existing alternatives.",
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Yan, Z, Han, M, Shi, Y, Badea, A, Yang, Y, Kulkarni, A, Hanson, E, Kandel, ME, Wen, X, Zhang, F, Luo, Y, Lin, Q, Zhang, H, Guo, X, Huang, Y, Nan, K, Jia, S, Oraham, AW, Mevis, MB, Lim, J, Guo, X, Gao, M, Ryu, W, Yu, KJ, Nicolau, BG, Petronico, A, Rubakhin, SS, Lou, J, Ajayan, PM, Thornton, K, Popescu, G, Fang, D, Sweedler, JV, Braun, PV, Zhang, H, Nuzzo, RG, Huang, Y, Zhang, Y & Rogers, JA 2017, 'Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 114, no. 45, pp. E9455-E9464. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1713805114

Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots. / Yan, Zheng; Han, Mengdi; Shi, Yan; Badea, Adina; Yang, Yiyuan; Kulkarni, Ashish; Hanson, Erik; Kandel, Mikhail E.; Wen, Xiewen; Zhang, Fan; Luo, Yiyue; Lin, Qing; Zhang, Hang; Guo, Xiaogang; Huang, Yuming; Nan, Kewang; Jia, Shuai; Oraham, Aaron W.; Mevis, Molly B.; Lim, Jaeman; Guo, Xuelin; Gao, Mingye; Ryu, Woomi; Yu, Ki Jun; Nicolau, Bruno G.; Petronico, Aaron; Rubakhin, Stanislav S.; Lou, Jun; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; Thornton, Katsuyo; Popescu, Gabriel; Fang, Daining; Sweedler, Jonathan V.; Braun, Paul V.; Zhang, Haixia; Nuzzo, Ralph G.; Huang, Yonggang; Zhang, Yihui; Rogers, John A.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 114, No. 45, 07.11.2017, p. E9455-E9464.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots

AU - Yan, Zheng

AU - Han, Mengdi

AU - Shi, Yan

AU - Badea, Adina

AU - Yang, Yiyuan

AU - Kulkarni, Ashish

AU - Hanson, Erik

AU - Kandel, Mikhail E.

AU - Wen, Xiewen

AU - Zhang, Fan

AU - Luo, Yiyue

AU - Lin, Qing

AU - Zhang, Hang

AU - Guo, Xiaogang

AU - Huang, Yuming

AU - Nan, Kewang

AU - Jia, Shuai

AU - Oraham, Aaron W.

AU - Mevis, Molly B.

AU - Lim, Jaeman

AU - Guo, Xuelin

AU - Gao, Mingye

AU - Ryu, Woomi

AU - Yu, Ki Jun

AU - Nicolau, Bruno G.

AU - Petronico, Aaron

AU - Rubakhin, Stanislav S.

AU - Lou, Jun

AU - Ajayan, Pulickel M.

AU - Thornton, Katsuyo

AU - Popescu, Gabriel

AU - Fang, Daining

AU - Sweedler, Jonathan V.

AU - Braun, Paul V.

AU - Zhang, Haixia

AU - Nuzzo, Ralph G.

AU - Huang, Yonggang

AU - Zhang, Yihui

AU - Rogers, John A

PY - 2017/11/7

Y1 - 2017/11/7

N2 - Recent work demonstrates that processes of stress release in prestrained elastomeric substrates can guide the assembly of sophisticated 3D micro/nanostructures in advanced materials. Reported application examples include soft electronic components, tunable electromagnetic and optical devices, vibrational metrology platforms, and other unusual technologies, each enabled by uniquely engineered 3D architectures. A significant disadvantage of these systems is that the elastomeric substrates, while essential to the assembly process, can impose significant engineering constraints in terms of operating temperatures and levels of dimensional stability; they also prevent the realization of 3D structures in freestanding forms. Here, we introduce concepts in interfacial photopolymerization, nonlinear mechanics, and physical transfer that bypass these limitations. The results enable 3D mesostructures in fully or partially freestanding forms, with additional capabilities in integration onto nearly any class of substrate, from planar, hard inorganic materials to textured, soft biological tissues, all via mechanisms quantitatively described by theoretical modeling. Illustrations of these ideas include their use in 3D structures as frameworks for templated growth of organized lamellae from AgCl–KCl eutectics and of atomic layers of WSe2 from vapor-phase precursors, as open-architecture electronic scaffolds for formation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neural networks, and as catalyst supports for propulsive systems in 3D microswimmers with geometrically controlled dynamics. Taken together, these methodologies establish a set of enabling options in 3D micro/nanomanufacturing that lie outside of the scope of existing alternatives.

AB - Recent work demonstrates that processes of stress release in prestrained elastomeric substrates can guide the assembly of sophisticated 3D micro/nanostructures in advanced materials. Reported application examples include soft electronic components, tunable electromagnetic and optical devices, vibrational metrology platforms, and other unusual technologies, each enabled by uniquely engineered 3D architectures. A significant disadvantage of these systems is that the elastomeric substrates, while essential to the assembly process, can impose significant engineering constraints in terms of operating temperatures and levels of dimensional stability; they also prevent the realization of 3D structures in freestanding forms. Here, we introduce concepts in interfacial photopolymerization, nonlinear mechanics, and physical transfer that bypass these limitations. The results enable 3D mesostructures in fully or partially freestanding forms, with additional capabilities in integration onto nearly any class of substrate, from planar, hard inorganic materials to textured, soft biological tissues, all via mechanisms quantitatively described by theoretical modeling. Illustrations of these ideas include their use in 3D structures as frameworks for templated growth of organized lamellae from AgCl–KCl eutectics and of atomic layers of WSe2 from vapor-phase precursors, as open-architecture electronic scaffolds for formation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neural networks, and as catalyst supports for propulsive systems in 3D microswimmers with geometrically controlled dynamics. Taken together, these methodologies establish a set of enabling options in 3D micro/nanomanufacturing that lie outside of the scope of existing alternatives.

KW - Electronic cellular scaffolds

KW - Eutectics

KW - Three-dimensional microstructures

KW - Three-dimensional printing

KW - Two-dimensional materials

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U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1713805114

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JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

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