## Abstract

A three-dimensional photoelastic analysis using the "stress-freezing" technique was conducted to determine the stress distributions in the matrix of a unidirectionally fiber-reinforced composite model subjected to matrix shrinkage and normal transverse loading. The model, consisting of a square array of polycarbonate rods in an epoxy matrix, simulated a boron-filament-reinforced plastic composite with a fiber-volume fraction of 0.50 at the critical temperature of the matrix epoxy. The effects of matrix shrinkage were separated from those of external loading by analyzing two identical models, one loaded and the other unloaded. The Lamé-Maxwell equations of equilibrium were used to separate stresses along axes of symmetry on interior transverse slices. Axial stress components were obtained by subslicing. Results are presented in dimensionless form by dividing the stresses by the average stress through the section. A comparison with theoretical results for a boron-epoxy composite shows excellent agreement, although Poisson's ratio of the model matrix is appreciably different from that of the prototype (0.5 compared to 0.35). One significant result was that the maximum stress occurs in the middle of the matrix section between fibers which is at variance with the theoretical prediction of maximum stress at the interface. Stress-concentration factors vary from 1.80 at the interface to 2.0 at the midpoint of the matrix section between fibers.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 156-162 |

Number of pages | 7 |

Journal | Experimental Mechanics |

Volume | 9 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Apr 1 1969 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Aerospace Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering