Three-Dimensional Printing in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Jonathan T. Yamaguchi*, Wellington K. Hsu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: To summarize the recent advances in 3D printing technology as it relates to spine surgery and how it can be applied to minimally invasive spine surgery. Recent Findings: Most early literature about 3D printing in spine surgery was focused on reconstructing biomodels based on patient imaging. These biomodels were used to simulate complex pathology preoperatively. The focus has shifted to guides, templates, and implants that can be used during surgery and are specific to patient anatomy. However, there continues to be a lack of long-term outcomes or cost-effectiveness analyses. 3D printing also has the potential to revolutionize tissue engineering applications in the search for the optimal scaffold material and structure to improve bone regeneration without the use of other grafting materials. Summary: 3D printing has many potential applications to minimally invasive spine surgery requiring more data for widespread adoption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-435
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019


  • 3D printing
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Biomodels
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Spine surgery
  • Templates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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