Three new members of the mouse prolactin/growth hormone family are homologous to proteins expressed in the rat

Jiandie Lin, Jason Poole, Daniel I.H. Linzer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

A search of a mouse expressed sequence tag database for novel messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in the PRL/GH family has identified three clones that are homologous to the rat PRL-like protein A (PLP-A), PRL-like protein B (PLP- B), and decidual/trophoblast PRL-related protein (d/tPRP). Full-length complementary DNA clones for each of these three mouse mRNAs have been sequenced. Mouse PLP-A is predicted to be synthesized as a precursor of 227 residues and secreted as a glycoprotein of 196 amino acids; the secreted protein shares 78% identity with rat PLP-A. The open reading frame for mouse PLP-B encodes a protein of 230 residues: the putative mature glycoprotein of 201 amino acids is 66% identical to rat PLP-B. The third mouse complementary DNA clone encodes a precursor protein of 240 residues and a secreted glycoprotein of 211 amino acids with 64% identity to rat d/tPRP. All three mouse mRNAs are expressed specifically in the placenta or decidua. The highest levels of the PLP-A mRNA are detected on day 12, at which time expression is localized to a subset of trophoblast giant cells, especially these cells that line maternal blood sinuses. PLP-B mRNA levels are high on day 10 in decidual cells and on day 12 in spongiotrophoblasts. The mRNA similar to rat d/tPRP is present at high levels even earlier in gestation (day 8) and is localized to the decidual layer. The identification of PRL- related mRNAs in common between the mouse and rat indicates that the encoded hormones are evolutionarily conserved and, therefore, likely to play important roles in reproductive physiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5541-5549
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrinology
Volume138
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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