Thyroid disorders affect 3.7% of children in the United States between the ages of 11 and 18 years; the incidence of thyroid nodules is 0.46% to 1.5% (1,2). Postmortem studies and ultrasound evaluation of the thyroid gland demonstrate an incidence of thyroid nodules of up to 50% in adults (2). Ezzat et al. (3) demonstrated that 21% of asymptomatic adults had a palpable thyroid nodule on physical examination and that 67% had abnormal thyroid ultrasound findings. In another study of adults between the ages of 18 and 39 years, postmortem thyroid nodules were present in 13% (4). These studies suggest that the true incidence of thyroid nodules in children might be higher than the incidence found in clinical studies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Pediatric Endocrinology, Fifth Edition|
|Subtitle of host publication||Volume 2 Growth, Adrenal, Sexual, Thyroid, Calcium, and Fluid Balance Disorders|
|Number of pages||19|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas