Time dependent closed quantum systems: Nonlinear Kohn-Sham potential operators and weak solutions

Joseph W. Jerome*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We discuss time dependent quantum systems on bounded domains from the perspective of nonlinear, time-dependent potentials. The time dependence of the Kohn-Sham potentials distinguishes this study from that of the so-called nonlinear Schrödinger equation, much studied in the mathematical community. We are interested in establishing a framework for potentials including the external potential, the Hartree potential and the exchange correlation potential that occur in time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). As in the previous work, we make use of the time-ordered evolution operator. A departure from the previous work is the use of weak solutions for the nonlinear model; this necessitates a new framework for the evolution operator based upon dual spaces. We are able to obtain unique global solutions. The author thanks Eric Polizzi for discussions leading to the incorporation of a version of the exchange correlation potential in the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)995-1006
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications
Volume429
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Hamiltonian
  • Kohn-Sham potentials
  • Time dependent quantum systems
  • Time-ordered evolution operators
  • Unique weak solutions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics

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