Tissue- and agonist-specific regulation of human and murine plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 promoters in transgenic mice

M. Eren, C. A. Painter, L. A. Gleaves, J. A. Choenhard, J. B. Atkinson, N. J. Brown, D. E. Vaughan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Numerous studies have described regulatory factors and sequences that control transcriptional responses in vitro. However, there is a paucity of information on the qualitative and quantitative regulation of heterologous promoters using transgenic strategies. In order to investigate the physiological regulation of human plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (hPAI-1) expression in vivo compared to murine PAI-1 (mPAI-1) and to test the physiological relevance of regulatory mechanisms described in vitro, we generated transgenic mice expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) driven by the proximal -2.9kb of the hPAI-1 promoter. Transgenic animals were treated with Ang II, TGF-pl and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to compare the relative activation of the human and murine PAI-1 promoters. Ang II increased EGFP expression most effectively in brain, kidney and spleen, while mPAI-1 expression was quantitatively enhanced most prominently in heart and spleen. TGF-pl failed to induce activation of the hPAI-1 promoter but potently stimulated mPAI-1 in kidney and spleen. LPS administration triggered robust expression of mPAI-1 in liver, kidney, pancreas, spleen and lung, while EGFP was induced only modestly in heart and kidney. These results indicate that the transcriptional response of the endogenous mPAI-1 promoter varies widely in terms of location and magnitude of response to specific stimuli. Moreover, the physiological regulation of PAI-1 expression likely involves a complex interaction of transcription factors and DNA sequences that are not adequately replicated by in vitro functional studies focused on the proximal -2.9 kb promoter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2389-2396
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2003


  • EGFP
  • Fibrinolysis
  • Gene expression
  • PAI-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Medicine(all)

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