Tissue distribution, regulation and intracellular localization of murine CD1 molecules

Manas Mandal, Xiao Rong Chen, Maria Luisa Alegre, Nancy M. Chiu, Yi Hua Chena, A. Raul Castaño, Chyung Ru Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


CD1 molecules are MHC-unlinked class Ib molecules consisting of classical (human CD1a-c) and non-classical subsets (human CD1d and murine CD1). The characterization of non-classical subsets of CD1 is limited due to the lack of reagents. In this study, we have generated two new anti-mouse CD1 monoclonal antibodies, 3H3 and 5C6, by immunization of hamsters with purified CD1 protein. These antibodies recognize CD1-transfected cells and have no reactivity to cells isolated from CD1-/- mice. Both antibodies precipitate the 52 kDa heavy chain and 12 kDa β2m from thymocytes and splenocytes by radio-immunoprecipitation. Deglycosylation of CD1 reduces molecular mass of the heavy chain by 7.5 kDa, which can be detected by 3H3 but not 5C6. 3H3 and 5C6 detect surface CD1 expression on cells from the thymus, spleen, lymph node and bone marrow, but not on intestinal epithelial cells. Developmentally, CD1 is expressed on thymocytes prior to TCR rearrangement and remains constant throughout thymic development. CD1 is expressed early in the fetal liver (day 14) and remains expressed in hepatocytes postnatally. These data support evidence of a role for CD1 in the selection and/or expansion of NK1+ T cells of both thymic origin and extrathymic origin. Unlike classical class I molecules, murine CD1 levels are not affected by IFN-γ, but like human CD1b can be up-regulated by IL-4 and GM-CSF although only moderately. Similar to human CD1b, murine CD1 is found by immunofluorescence microscopy on the cell surface, and in various intracellular vesicles, including early and late endosomes. Localization in endocytic compartments indicates that murine CD1 may be capable of binding endocytosed antigens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-536
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Immunology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jun 15 1998


  • Antibodies
  • CD1
  • Cell surface molecules
  • MHC
  • Rodent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology


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