Tissue factor expression during human and mouse development

Thomas Luther*, Conrad Flössel, Nigel Mackman, Angelika Bierhaus, Michael Kasper, Sybille Albrecht, E. Helene Sage, Luisa Iruela-Arispe, Heinz Grossmann, Arne Ströhlein, Youming Zhang, Peter P. Nawroth, Peter Carmeliet, David J. Loskutoff, Martin Müller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the adult organism the cellular distribution of tissue factor (TF) expression corresponds to biological boundary layers forming a hemostatic barrier ready to activate blood coagulation after tissue injury. Whether TF expression might also play a role in development is unknown. To determine the significance of TF in ontogenesis, we examined the pattern of TF expression in mouse development and compared it with the distribution of TF in human post-implantation embryos and fetuses of corresponding gestational age. At early embryonic periods of murine (6.5 and 7.5 pc) and human (stage 5) development, there was strong expression of TF in both ectodermal and entodermal cells. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that TF mRNA and protein were expressed widely in epithelial ureas with high levels of morphogenic activity during early organogenesis. Staining for TF was seen during ontogenetic development in tissues such as epidermis, myocardium, bronchial epithelium, and hepatocytes, which express TF in the adult organism. Surprisingly, during renal development and in adults, expression of TF differed between humans and mice. In humans, maturing stage glomeruli were stained for TF, whereas in mice, TF was absent from glomeruli but was present in the epithelia of tubular segments. In neuroepithelial cells, there was a substantial expression of TF. Moreover, there was robust TF expression in tissues such as skeletal muscle and pancreas, which do not express it in the adult. In contrast, expression of the physiological ligand for TF, factor VII, was not detectable during early stages of human embryogenesis using immunohistochemistry. The temporal and spatial pattern of TF expression during murine and human development supports the contention that TF serves as an important morphogenic factor during embryogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-113
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume149
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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