Titanium foams produced by solid-state replication of NaCl powders

Bing Ye, David C. Dunand*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


Open-celled titanium foams were fabricated by vacuum hot pressing of a blend of Ti and NaCl powders followed by NaCl removal in water. Densification kinetics of the Ti/NaCl blends are measured at 780 °C at various pressures (30-50. MPa), NaCl volume fractions (30-70%) and NaCl powder sizes (50-500 μm). As compared to pure Ti powders, densification kinetics of the blends is faster for relative densities below 92% due to rapid deformation of the NaCl powders. After dissolution, the flattened shape of the NaCl powders is replicated in the pores, resulting in an anisotropic porous structure. The foams exhibit good compressive strengths (e.g., 102. MPa for 50% porosity and 28. MPa for 67% porosity), low Young moduli (e.g., 29. GPa for 51% porosity) and ductile behavior up to compressive strain >60%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-697
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 15 2010


  • Composites
  • Low cost titanium
  • Porous materials
  • Powder metallurgy
  • Sodium chloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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