Title IX and the problem of gender equality in athletics

Kimberly A. Yuracko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded programs. In 1979, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) of the Department of Education, the agency charged with administering Title IX, issued a Policy Interpretation setting forth a three-prong test for Title IX compliance. Most basically, a prohibition on sex discrimination means that individuals, regardless of their sex, must be treated the same with respect to some relevant criteria. What the relevant criteria are against which individuals may properly be judged and distinguished varies by context. The most commonly proposed alternative to distributing varsity athletic positions based on the percentages of women and men in the undergraduate student body is to distribute athletic positions based on women and men's relative levels of interest in athletics. From a theoretical standpoint, distributing scarce resources based on interest level is strange and atypical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSporting Equality
Subtitle of host publicationTitle IX Thirty Years Later
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781351488389
ISBN (Print)076580848X, 9780765808486
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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