TlSn2I5, a Robust Halide Antiperovskite Semiconductor for γ-Ray Detection at Room Temperature

Wenwen Lin, Constantinos C. Stoumpos, Zhifu Liu, Sanjib Das, Oleg Y. Kontsevoi, Yihui He, Christos D. Malliakas, Haijie Chen, Bruce W. Wessels, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The semiconductor TlSn2I5 with a two-dimensional crystal structure and an antiperovskite topology is a promising novel detection material. The compound crystallizes in the I4/mcm space group, has an indirect band gap of 2.14 eV, and melts congruently at 314 °C. Electronic band structure calculations reveal that the most facile electron transport is along the ab layered plane. Compared to CH3NH3PbX3 (X = Br, I), TlSn2I5 features higher long-term stability, higher photon stopping power (average atomic number of 55), higher resistivity (∼1010 ω·cm), and robust mechanical properties. Centimeter-size TlSn2I5 single crystals grown from the melt by the Bridgman method can be used to fabricate detector devices, which detect Ag Kα X-rays (22 keV), 57Co γ-rays (122 keV), and 241Am α-particles (5.5 MeV). The mobility-lifetime product and mobility for electrons were estimated to be 1.1 × 10-3 cm2·V-1 and 94 ± 16 cm2·V-1·s-1, respectively. Unlike other halide perovskites, TlSn2I5 shows no signs of ionic polarization under long-term, high-voltage bias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1805-1813
Number of pages9
JournalACS Photonics
Volume4
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2017

Keywords

  • crystal growth
  • halide perovskite
  • hard radiation detection
  • photon detection
  • semiconductor detector
  • γ-ray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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