Introduction: Bleeding is an infrequent, but important, complication after circumcision. Our aim was to examine postoperative bleeding events after circumcision comparing patients managed with a circumferential wrap to ointment alone. Methods: Boys ≤ 18 years of age who underwent circumcision at a tertiary children's hospital were retrospectively reviewed between 2017 and 2018. Postoperative bleeding was defined by phone calls, clinic or Emergency Department visits, or return to the operating room. Outcomes were examined by univariate association and multivariable modeling. Results: Of 681 boys undergoing circumcision, 503 (74%) patients received a wrap dressing and 178 (26%) only ointment. There were 28 (4%) patients who had a postoperative bleeding event: 14/503 (2.7%) among wrap dressings and 14/178 (7.8%) among ointment alone (p < 0.01). The majority of events were phone calls related to bleeding (75%). Univariate analysis demonstrated no association between postoperative bleeding and surgeon specialty (p = 0.72), age at circumcision (p = 0.44) or technique type (p = 0.09). After controlling for age, technique type, and surgeon specialty, dressing type remained significantly associated with postoperative bleeding (OR = 2.81, p < 0.01). Conclusion: This single-center, retrospective review found circumferential wrap dressings are associated with a decrease in bleeding events after circumcision. Level of Evidence: III – retrospective case–control study.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health