The most common sources for metal ions after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are the bearing surface in metal-on-metal articulations and trunnion corrosion. Concomitant dual interface failure is an uncommon complication in metal-on-polyethylene THA. We report an unusual case of a 59-year-old woman with ceramic-on-ceramic THA in 2005, who underwent revision to metal-on-polyethylene THA 4 years later after femoral head fracture. Subsequently, she developed substantial adverse local tissue reaction and significant metal ion elevation and the failure was found to be due to both wear at the bearing surface and corrosion at the head neck junction requiring second revision. Findings included massive adverse local tissue reaction, abductor mechanism destruction, osteolysis, and corrosion damage of the trunnion. Abrasive damage of the trunnion was also noted, but prior abrasion from the original ceramic fracture could not be ruled out. Postoperative course at 14 months demonstrates 95% and 64% reduction in cobalt and chromium levels respectively, with symptom resolution.
- Metal ion toxicity
- Total hip arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine