Toward Neuroanatomical Models of Analogy

A Positron Emission Tomography Study of Analogical Mapping

Charles M. Wharton, Jordan Grafman*, Stephen S. Flitman, Eric K. Hansen, Jason Brauner, Allison Marks, Manabu Honda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several brain regions associated with analogical mapping were identified using 15O-positron emission tomography with 12 normal, high intelligence adults. Each trial presented during scanning consisted of a source picture of colored geometric shapes, a brief delay, and a target picture of colored geometric shapes. Analogous pictures did not share similar geometric shapes but did share the same system of abstract visuospatial relations. Participants judged whether each source-target pairing was analogous (analogy condition) or identical (literal condition). The results of the analogy-literal comparison showed activation in the dorsomedial frontal cortex and in the left hemisphere; the inferior, middle, and medial frontal cortices; the parietal cortex; and the superior occipital cortex. Based on these results as well as evidence from relevant cognitive neuroscience studies of reasoning and of executive working memory, we hypothesize that analogical mapping is mediated by the left prefrontal and inferior parietal cortices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-197
Number of pages25
JournalCognitive Psychology
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Fingerprint

Parietal Lobe
Positron emission tomography
Frontal Lobe
Positron-Emission Tomography
Occipital Lobe
Intelligence
Short-Term Memory
Brain
Chemical activation
neurosciences
Scanning
Data storage equipment
activation
intelligence
brain
evidence
Cognitive Neuroscience

Keywords

  • Analogical mapping
  • Analogy
  • Neuroimaging
  • PET
  • Reasoning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

Wharton, Charles M. ; Grafman, Jordan ; Flitman, Stephen S. ; Hansen, Eric K. ; Brauner, Jason ; Marks, Allison ; Honda, Manabu. / Toward Neuroanatomical Models of Analogy : A Positron Emission Tomography Study of Analogical Mapping. In: Cognitive Psychology. 2000 ; Vol. 40, No. 3. pp. 173-197.
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Toward Neuroanatomical Models of Analogy : A Positron Emission Tomography Study of Analogical Mapping. / Wharton, Charles M.; Grafman, Jordan; Flitman, Stephen S.; Hansen, Eric K.; Brauner, Jason; Marks, Allison; Honda, Manabu.

In: Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 40, No. 3, 01.01.2000, p. 173-197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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