Towards painless percutaneous biliary procedures: New strategies and alternatives

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1 Scopus citations


Percutaneous biliary tract procedures such as percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and percutaneous biliary drainage are frequently very painful, particularly when performed via the right transhepatic intercostal route. The authors outline the use of six strategies to reduce or eliminate the severe pain that can occur. The techniques include the use of both regional anaesthesia and more effective analgesics, elimination of right hepatic catheters, and the use of percutaneous cholecystostomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-134
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Interventional Radiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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