Training police for procedural justice

Wesley G. Skogan*, Maarten Van Craen, Cari Hennessy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


Objectives: This paper reports the findings of an evaluation of a police training program on the principles of procedural justice. This training was part of a larger organizational change strategy aimed at improving the relationship between the police and the public in Chicago. Methods: The paper reports on the findings of two studies. The short-term effects study was a quasi-experimental test of the immediate effectiveness of the training conducted at the police academy. A longer-term effects study examined the subsequent views of trainees and a comparison group, officers who had not yet been to training. Statistical controls were used to increase confidence in the findings of the second study, which was based on observational data. Results: In the short term, training increased officer support for all of the procedural justice dimensions included in the experiment. Post-training, officers were more likely to endorse the importance of giving citizens a voice, granting them dignity and respect, demonstrating neutrality, and (with the least enthusiasm) trusting them to do the right thing. All of the effects of training were strong, with standardized effect sizes ranging from 1.2 to 1.6. Longer-term, officers who had attended the procedural justice workshop continued to be more supportive of three of the four procedural justice principles introduced in training; the effect of training on trust was not statistically significant. Conclusions: There has been little systematic research on police training. This paper concludes that it can play a role in improving police–community relations. It also presents a discussion of some of the limitations of a training-based organizational change strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-334
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Experimental Criminology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015


  • Neutrality
  • Police training
  • Procedural justice
  • Quasi-experiment
  • Respect
  • Survey
  • Trust
  • Voice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Training police for procedural justice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this