Trajectory formation and handwriting: A computational model

P. Morasso*, F. A. Mussa Ivaldi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

190 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a computational model for different aspects of trajectory formation, from point-to-point movements to handwriting. The proposed model is based on a mechanism of composition of basic curve elements (strokes) which separates the spatial and the temporal aspects of trajectory formation. At the same time, the model suggests a method for storing and describing arm movements, as a list of stroke descriptors. Experimental trajectories were digitized and analyzed with regard to several types of movements: i) point-to-point trajectories, ii) closed trajectories, iii) trajectories with inflection points, iv) spiral-like trajectories, v) handwritten trajectories. Velocity and curvature profiles were computed for the trajectories and the model was fitted to the data. The implications of the model and its "credibility" in the general context of motor control are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-142
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Cybernetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • General Computer Science


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