Rationale and Objectives: To investigate whether transcatheter intraarterial perfusion (TRIP) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can differentiate reversible electroporation (RE) zones from irreversible electroporation (IRE) zones immediately after IRE procedure in the rabbit liver. Materials and Methods: All studies were approved by the institutional animal care and use committee and performed in accordance with institutional guidelines. A total of 13 healthy New Zealand White rabbits were used. After selective catheterization of the hepatic artery under X-ray fluoroscopy, we acquired TRIP-MRI at 20 minutes post-IRE using 3 mL of 5% intraarterial gadopentetate dimeglumine. Semi-quantitative (peak enhancement, PE; time to peak, TTP; wash-in slope, WIS; areas under the time-intensity curve, AUT, over 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 seconds after the initiation of enhancement) and quantitative (Ktrans, ve, and vp) TRIP-MRI parameters were calculated. The relationships between TRIP-MRI parameters and histological measurements and the differential ability of TRIP-MRI parameters was assessed. Results: PE, AUT60, AUT90, AUT120, AUT150, AUT180, Ktrans, and ve were significantly higher in RE zones than in IRE zones (all P < 0.05), and AUC for these parameters ranged from 0.91(95% CI, 0.80, 1.00) to 0.99 (95% CI, 0.98, 1.00). There was no significant difference in AUC between any two parameters (Z, 0–1.47; P, 0.14–1.00). Hepatocyte apoptosis strongly correlated with PE, AUT60, AUT90, AUT120, AUT150, AUT180, Ktrans, and vp (the absolute value r, 0.6–0.7, all P < 0.0001). Conclusion: AUT150 or AUT180 could be a potential imaging biomarker to differentiate RE from IRE zones, and TRIP-MRI permits to differentiate RE from IRE zones immediately after IRE procedure in the rabbit liver.
- Irreversible electroporation
- Reversible electroporation
- Transcatheter intraarterial perfusion MRI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging