Transcranial direct current stimulation, symptomatology, and cognition in psychosis: A qualitative review

Tina Gupta*, Nicholas J. Kelley, Andrea Pelletier-Baldelli, Vijay A. Mittal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a chronic, debilitating condition that affects approximately 1% of the population. Individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia typically exhibit positive (e.g., hallucinations) and negative symptoms (e.g., anhedonia) and impairments in cognitive function. Given the limitations of antipsychotic medication and psychotherapy in fully treating psychosis symptomatology, there has been increasing interest in other interventions such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). tDCS is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique, that is safe, cost-effective, and widely accessible. Here, we discuss treatment studies that seek to improve symptoms and cognitive performance in schizophrenia using tDCS. Currently within the literature, there is support for reductions in positive symptoms such as hallucinations after receiving tDCS. Further, studies indicate that tDCS can improve cognitive functioning, which is an area of investigation that is sorely needed, as it is unclear which types of interventions may be useful in ameliorating cognitive deficits among this group. Taken together, the evidence suggests that tDCS holds promise in improving symptoms and cognition. To that end, tDCS has critical clinical implications for this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number94
JournalFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2018

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Neurocognition
  • Schizophrenia
  • Symptoms
  • TDCS
  • Transcranial direct current stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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