Transcription factors dynamically control the spatial organization of the yeast genome

Carlo Randise-Hinchliff, Jason H. Brickner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

In yeast, inducible genes such as INO1, PRM1 and HIS4 reposition from the nucleoplasm to nuclear periphery upon activation. This leads to a physical interaction with nuclear pore complex (NPC), interchromosomal clustering, and stronger transcription. Repositioning to the nuclear periphery is controlled by cis-acting transcription factor (TF) binding sites located within the promoters of these genes and the TFs that bind to them. Such elements are both necessary and sufficient to control positioning of genes to the nuclear periphery. We have identified 4 TFs capable of controlling the regulated positioning of genes to the nuclear periphery in budding yeast under different conditions: Put3, Cbf1, Gcn4 and Ste12. In each case, we have defined the molecular basis of regulated relocalization to the nuclear periphery. Put3- and Cbf1-mediated targeting to nuclear periphery is regulated through local recruitment of Rpd3(L) histone deacetylase complex by transcriptional repressors. Rpd3(L), through its histone deacetylase activity, prevents TF-mediated gene positioning by blocking TF binding. Many yeast transcriptional repressors were capable of blocking Put3-mediated recruitment; 11 of these required Rpd3. Thus, it is a general function of transcription repressors to regulate TF-mediated recruitment. However, Ste12 and Gcn4-mediated recruitment is regulated independently of Rpd3(L) and transcriptional repressors. Ste12-mediated recruitment is regulated by phosphorylation of an inhibitor called Dig2, and Gcn4-mediated gene targeting is up-regulated by increasing Gcn4 protein levels. The ability to control spatial position of genes in yeast represents a novel function for TFs and different regulatory strategies provide dynamic control of the yeast genome through different time scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-374
Number of pages6
JournalNucleus
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2016

Keywords

  • chromatin
  • histone deacetylase
  • interchromosomal clustering
  • lamina
  • nuclear periphery
  • nuclear pore complex
  • transcription, transcription factor
  • transcriptional repressor
  • translational regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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