Transcriptional regulation of peroxisomal fatty acyl-CoA oxidase and enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase in rat liver by peroxisome proliferators

Janardan K Reddy, S. K. Goel, M. R. Nemali

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The structurally diverse peroxisome proliferators ciprofibrate, clofibrate, and bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate [(EtHx)2>Pht] increase the activities of hepatic catalase and peroxisomal fatty acid β-oxidation enzymes in conjunction with profound proliferation of peroxisomes in hepatocytes. In order to delineate the level at which these enzymes are induced in the liver, the transcriptional activity of specific genes of fatty acyl-CoA oxidase (FAOxase) and enoyl-CoA hydratase/3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase bifunctional enzyme (PBE), the first two enzymes of the peroxisomal β-oxidation system, and for catalase were measured in isolated hepatocyte nuclei obtained from male rats following a single intragastric dose of ciprofibrate, clofibrate, or (EtHx)2>Pht. All three peroxisome proliferators rapidly increased the rate of FAOxase and PBE gene transcription in liver, with near maximal rates (9-15 times control) reached by 1 hr and persisting until at least 16 hr after administration of the compound. FAOxase and PBE mRNA levels, measured by blot-hybridization analysis and FAOxase and PBE protein content, analyzed by immunoblotting, increased concurrently up to at least 16 hr following a single dose of peroxisome proliferator. The catalase mRNA level increased about 1.4-fold, but the transcription rate of the catalase gene was not significantly affected. The results show that the peroxisome proliferators clofibrate, ciprofibrate, and (EtHx)2>Pht selectively increase the rate of transcription of peroxisomal fatty acid β-oxidation enzyme genes. Whether the transcriptional effects are mediated by peroxisome proliferator-receptor complexes remains to be elucidated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1747-1751
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986


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