Type I (α, β) and type II (γ) interferons (IFNs) can restrict the growth of many cell types. INF-stimulated gene transcription, a key early event in IFN response, acts through the Janus kinase-signal transducers and activators of transcription pathway, in which both IFN-α and IFN-γ activate the transcription factor Stat1. A cell line lacking Stat1 (U3A) was not growth-arrested by IFN-α or IFN-γ, and experiments were carried out with U3A cells permanently expressing normal or various mutant forms of Stat1 protein. Only cells in which complete Stat1 activity was available (Stat1α) were growth-inhibited by IFN-γ. A mutant that supports 20-30% normal transcription did not cause growth restraint. In contrast, IFN-α growth restraint was imposed by cells producing Stat1β, which lacks transcriptional activation potential. This parallels earlier results showing the truncated Stat1 can function in IFN-α gene activation. In addition to experiments on long-term cultured cells, we also found that wild-type primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts were inhibited by IFNs, but fibroblasts from Stat1- deficient mouse embryos were not inhibited by IFNs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jul 23 1996|
- growth arrest
- signal transducers and activators of transcription
ASJC Scopus subject areas