Transdifferentiated hepatocytes in rat pancreas

M. Sambasiva Rao, Dante G. Scarpelli, Janardan K. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

A specialized exocrine pancreatic cell can transform into a different phenotypic cell—the hepatocyte. Although in an adult animal the pancreatic and liver cells are functionally and morphologically different, both organs arise from gut endoderm, thus, sharing a common ancestry. Under proper conditions, repressed liver-specific genes in pancreatic cells are probably derepressed. The way in which such dormant genes are activated is not clear. Although some carcinogens, such as N-methyl-N-nitroso- guanidine, were shown to induce transdifferentiation, the possibility that 4-HAQO-induced genetic alterations may lead to hepatocyte conversion, when subjected to the added stress of copper depletion and repletion, can be excluded in view of the recent observation that a simple copper depletion-repletion regimen can lead to the development of pancreatic hepatocytes. The stability of a differentiated cell could be due to various molecular mechanisms such as DNA methylation, chromatin structure, DNA protein interactions, and DNA rearrangements. Modification of any of these could initiate transdifferentiation. By utilizing a variety of molecular techniques, it is possible to analyze the control mechanisms of tissue-specific gene regulation in pancreatic hepatocytes. Studies with transdifferentiated hepatocytes may be expected to yield considerable new information about the mechanism(s) of cell differentiation and the attendant transcriptional controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-78
Number of pages16
JournalCurrent Topics in Developmental Biology
Volume20
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Transdifferentiated hepatocytes in rat pancreas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this