Transethnic meta-Analysis identifies GSDMA and PRDM1 as susceptibility genes to systemic sclerosis

Chikashi Terao, Takahisa Kawaguchi, Philippe Dieude, John Varga, Masataka Kuwana, Marie Hudson, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Koichiro Ohmura, Gabriela Riemekasten, Aya Kawasaki, Paolo Airo, Tetsuya Horita, Akira Oka, Eric Hachulla, Hajime Yoshifuji, Paola Caramaschi, Nicolas Hunzelmann, Murray Baron, Tatsuya AtsumiPaul Hassoun, Takeshi Torii, Meiko Takahashi, Yasuharu Tabara, Masakazu Shimizu, Akiko Tochimoto, Naho Ayuzawa, Hidetoshi Yanagida, Hiroshi Furukawa, Shigeto Tohma, Minoru Hasegawa, Manabu Fujimoto, Osamu Ishikawa, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Daisuke Goto, Yoshihide Asano, Masatoshi Jinnin, Hirahito Endo, Hiroki Takahashi, Kazuhiko Takehara, Shinichi Sato, Hironobu Ihn, Soumya Raychaudhuri, Katherine Liao, Peter Gregersen, Naoyuki Tsuchiya, Valeria Riccieri, Inga Melchers, Gabriele Valentini, Anne Cauvet, Maria Martinez, Tsuneyo Mimori, Fumihiko Matsuda, Yannick Allanore*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterised by skin and systemic fibrosis culminating in organ damage. Previous genetic studies including genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 12 susceptibility loci satisfying genome-wide significance. Transethnic meta-Analyses have successfully expanded the list of susceptibility genes and deepened biological insights for other autoimmune diseases. Methods We performed transethnic meta-Analysis of GWAS in the Japanese and European populations, followed by a two-staged replication study comprising a total of 4436 cases and 14â €..751 controls. Associations between significant single nuclear polymorphisms (SNPs) and neighbouring genes were evaluated. Enrichment analysis of H3K4Me3, a representative histone mark for active promoter was conducted with an expanded list of SSc susceptibility genes. Results We identified two significant SNP in two loci, GSDMA and PRDM1, both of which are related to immune functions and associated with other autoimmune diseases (p=1.4×10 â '10 and 6.6×10 â '10, respectively). GSDMA also showed a significant association with limited cutaneous SSc. We also replicated the associations of previously reported loci including a non-GWAS locus, TNFAIP3. PRDM1 encodes BLIMP1, a transcription factor regulating T-cell proliferation and plasma cell differentiation. The top SNP in GSDMA was a missense variant and correlated with gene expression of neighbouring genes, and this could explain the association in this locus. We found different human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association patterns between the two populations. Enrichment analysis suggested the importance of CD4-naïve primary T cell. Conclusions GSDMA and PRDM1 are associated with SSc. These findings provide enhanced insight into the genetic and biological basis of SSc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1150-1158
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Volume76
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Autoimmune Diseases
  • Gene Polymorphism
  • Systemic Sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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