Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp

Matthew A. Meitl*, Zheng Tao Zhu, Vipan Kumar, Keon Jae Lee, Xue Feng, Yonggang Y. Huang, Ilesanmi Adesida, Ralph G. Nuzzo, John A. Rogers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1294 Scopus citations


An increasing number of technologies require large-scale integration of disparate classes of separately fabricated objects into spatially organized, functional systems1-9. Here we introduce an approach for heterogeneous integration based on kinetically controlled switching between adhesion and release of solid objects to and from an elastomeric stamp. We describe the physics of soft adhesion that govern this process and demonstrate the method by printing objects with a wide range of sizes and shapes, made of single-crystal silicon and GaN, mica, highly ordered pyrolytic graphite, silica and pollen, onto a variety of substrates without specially designed surface chemistries or separate adhesive layers. Printed p-n junctions and photodiodes fixed directly on highly curved surfaces illustrate some unique device-level capabilities of this approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalNature materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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