Transferrin- and albumin-directed expression of growth-related peptides in transgenic sheep.

C. E. Rexroad, K. Mayo, D. J. Bolt, T. H. Elsasser, K. F. Miller, R. R. Behringer, R. D. Palmiter, R. L. Brinster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Chimeric genes containing either the mouse transferrin (Trf) enhancer/promoter fused to the structural sequences encoding bovine growth hormone (GH) or the mouse albumin (Alb) enhancer/promoter fused to the gene for human growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) were microinjected into sheep zygotes. A low percentage of resulting transgenic sheep chronically expressed the respective genes, resulting in elevated plasma concentrations of circulating GH or GRF, respectively. Growth hormone-releasing factor expression induced elevated plasma levels of endogenous GH production. In addition, elevated levels of circulating insulin-like growth factor-I were observed in the bovine GH-expressing Trf transgenic sheep. Growth of these founder transgenic sheep relative to controls were not enhanced. In part, this may be due to the development of the diabetic condition exhibited by both transgenic groups. These results demonstrate that the mouse Trf and Alb enhancer/promoters are active in sheep and suggest that alternate strategies for expressing growth-related genes may be required to modulate growth in sheep.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2995-3004
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of animal science
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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