Transformation superplasticity of iron and Fe/TiC metal matrix composites

Peter Zwigl*, David C. Dunand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Unreinforced iron was thermally cycled around the α/γ phase field under an externally applied uniaxial tensile stress, resulting in strain increments which could be accumulated, upon repeated cycling, to a total strain of 450 pet without failure. In agreement with existing theory attributing transformation superplasticity to the biasing of the internal allotropic strains by the external stress, the measured strain increments were proportional to the applied stress at small stresses. However, for applied stresses higher than the nominal yield stress, strain increments increased nonlinearly with stress, as a result of strain hardening due to dissolved carbon and iron oxide dispersoids. Also, the effects of transient primary creep and ratchetting on the superplastic strain increment values were examined. Finally, partial cycling within the α/γ phase field indicated an asymmetry in the superplastic strain behavior with respect to the temperature cycling range, which is attributed to the different strengths of ferrite and austenite. Transformation superplasticity was demonstrated in iron-matrix composites containing 10 and 20 vol pet TiC particles: strain increments proportional to the applied stress were measured, and a fracture strain of 230 pet was reached for the Fe/10TiC composite. However, the strain increments decreased with increasing TiC content, a result attributed to the slight dissolution of TiC particles within the matrix which raised the matrix yield stress by solid-solution strengthening and by reducing the transformation temperature range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-575
Number of pages11
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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