Transformative legal technology and the rule of law

Paul Gowder*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    5 Scopus citations


    This article distinguishes two types of legal technology: 'cheaper lawyers' (or simply replacing the cognitive operations of lawyers in their existing domains with technology) and 'transformative artificial legal cognition' (or introducing the cognitive operations characteristic of lawyers in contexts where human lawyers cannot economically be deployed at all). It then makes the case for finding advances in egalitarian access to justice and the rule of law primarily in the latter category.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)82-105
    Number of pages24
    JournalUniversity of Toronto Law Journal
    StatePublished - Jan 2018


    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Equality
    • Legal Cognition
    • Legal Technology
    • Rule Of Law

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Law


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