Transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) causes a persistent increase in steady-state amounts of type I and type III collagen and fibronectin mRNAs in normal human dermal fibroblasts

J. Varga, J. Rosenbloom, S. A. Jimenez

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440 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has been previously shown that transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) is capable of stimulating fibroblast collagen and fibronectin biosynthesis. The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms involved in TGFβ stimulation of fibroblast biosynthetic activity. Our results indicate that TGFβ causes a marked enhancement of the production of types I and III collagens and fibronectin by cultured normal human dermal fibroblasts. The rate of collagen production by fibroblasts exposed to TGFβ was 2-3-fold greater than that of control cells. These effects were associated with a 2-3-fold increase in the steady-state amounts of types I and III collagen mRNA and a 5-8-fold increase in the amounts of fibronectin mRNAs as determined by dot-blot hybridization with specific cloned cDNA probes. In addition, the increased production of collagen and fibronectin and the increased amounts of their corresponding mRNAs remained elevated for at least 72 h after removal of TGFβ. These findings suggest that TGFβ may play a major role in the normal regulation of extracellular matrix production in vivo and may contribute to the development of pathological states of fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)597-604
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume247
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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