Transitioning from a computerized provider order entry and paper documentation system to an electronic health record: Expectations and experiences of hospital staff

Eric S. Kirkendall*, Linda M. Goldenhar, Jodi L. Simon, Derek S. Wheeler, S. Andrew Spooner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To examine healthcare worker's perceptions, expectations, and experiences regarding how work processes, patient-related safety, and care were affected when a quaternary care center transitioned from one computerized provider order entry (CPOE) system to a full electronic health record (EHR). Methods: The I-SEE survey was administered prior to and 1-year after transition in systems. The construct validity and reliability of the survey was assessed within the current population and also compared to previously published results. Pre- and 1-year post-implementation scale means were compared within and across time periods. Results: The majority of respondents were nurses and personnel working in the acute care setting. Because a confirmatory factor analysis indicated a lack of fit of our data to the I-SEE survey's 5-factor structure, we conducted an exploratory factor analysis that resulted in a 7-factor structure which showed better reliability and validity. Mean scores for each factor indicated that attitudes and expectations were mostly positive and score trends over time were positive or neutral. Nurses generally had less positive attitudes about the transition than non-nursing respondents, although the difference diminished after implementation. Conclusions: Findings demonstrate that the majority of responding staff were generally positive about transitioning from CPOE system to a full electronic health record (EHR) and understood the goals of doing so, with overall improved ratings over time. In addition, the I-SEE survey, when modified based on our population, was useful for assessing patient care and safety related expectations and experiences during the transition from one CPOE system to an EHR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1037-1045
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Informatics
Volume82
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electronic health records
  • Medical informatics
  • Patient safety
  • Quality of healthcare
  • User satisfaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

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