Purpose:To evaluate frequency of injections, visual and anatomical outcomes of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) patients transitioned to intravitreal aflibercept after failure to extend treatment interval beyond 8 weeks with prior intravitreal bevacizumab or ranibizumab.Methods:Retrospective review of patients with nAMD switched to aflibercept following ≥6 prior intravitreal ranibizumab or bevacizumab injections at 4-8-week intervals. Three monthly aflibercept injections were given followed by a treat-and-extend dosing regimen.Results:Twenty-one eyes of 18 patients who had received a mean of 23.8±18.8 (mean±SD; range 6-62) prior ranibizumab or bevacizumab injections were included. Over a mean follow-up of 24 months after the transition, 9.2±2.9 (range 4-21) aflibercept injections were required. Interval between aflibercept injections increased to 57.3 days (range 35-133 days), as compared with 37±6.1 days (range 29-54 days) with the prior agents (P=0.01). Mean best-corrected visual acuity was preserved (0.42±0.31 vs 0.42±0.23 logMAR; P=0.2). Mean OCT central subfoveal thickness (292.1±83.2 μm to 283.6±78.6 μm; P=0.4) and mean macular volume (7.9±0.95 mm 3 to 7.67±0.94 mm 3; P=0.16) remained stable.Conclusion:Patients requiring treatment more frequently than every 8 weeks with ranibizumab and bevacizumab were transitioned to >8-week treatment interval with aflibercept while maintaining the anatomic and visual gains.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems