An electrophilic cyanation of aryl Grignard or lithium reagents, generated in situ from the corresponding aryl bromides or iodides, by a transnitrilation with dimethylmalononitrile (DMMN) was developed. DMMN is a commercially available, bench-stable solid. The transnitrilation with DMMN avoids the use of toxic reagents and transition metals and occurs under mild reaction conditions, even for extremely sterically hindered substrates. The transnitrilation of aryllithium species generated by directed ortho-lithiation enabled a net C-H cyanation. The intermediacy of a Thorpe-type imine adduct in the reaction was supported by isolation of the corresponding ketone from the quenched reaction. Computational studies supported the energetic favorability of retro-Thorpe fragmentation of the imine adduct. (Chemical Equation Presented).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American Chemical Society|
|State||Published - Jul 29 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry