Transport enhancement mechanisms in open cavities

Marc Horner, Guy Metcalfe, S. Wiggins, J. M. Ottino*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


By experiments and supporting computations we investigate two methods of transport enhancement in two-dimensional open cellular flows with inertia. First, we introduce a spatial dependence in the velocity field by periodic modulation of the shape of the wall driving the flow; this perturbs the steady-state streamlines in the direction perpendicular to the main flow. Second, we introduce a time dependence through transient acceleration-deceleration of a flat wall driving the flow; surprisingly, even though the streamline portrait changes very little during the transient, there is still significant transport enhancement. The range of Reynolds and Reynolds-Strouhal numbers studied is 7.7 ≤ Re ≤ 46.5 and 0.52 ≤ ReSr ≤ 12.55 in the spatially dependent mode and 12 ≤ Re ≤ 93 and 0.26 ≤ ReSr ≤5.02 in the time-dependent mode. The transport is described theoretically via lobe dynamics. For both modifications, a curve with one maximum characterizes the various transport enhancement measures when plotted as a function of the forcing frequency. A qualitative analysis suggests that the exchange first increases linearly with the forcing frequency and then decreases as 1/Sr for large frequencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-229
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of fluid Mechanics
StatePublished - Feb 10 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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